These are the wild species that went extinct in 2018.
The Spix’s macaw, which you might recognize as the blue parrot from “Rio,” is now extinct in the wild, due to habitat loss from unsustainable deforestation. Approximately 60 to 80 of the last Spix’s macaws now live in captivity.
The Po’ouli, a songbird native to Hawaii, is suspected to be extinct as well. The last Po’ouli sighting was in 2004. Scientists say there’s just a 0.1% chance the bird still exists in the wild, as habitat destruction from invasive species threaten its chances of survival.
Alagoas Foliage-gleaner and Cryptic Treehunter are also extinct in the wild, due to rapid deforestation in northeastern Brazil.
George, the last living Achatinella apexfulva Hawaiian land snail, died in captivity at 14.
Studies say Earth is presently losing animal species at 1,000 to 10,000 times the natural rate. Researchers say 30% to 50% of the planet’s species could be extinct by 2050.
Giraffes are now considered critically endangered, as their population dropped nearly 40% in the last 30 years. Two other animals that will likely face extinction in 2019 are the vaquita porpoise, which has less than 30 alive in the wild, and the northern white rhino, which has two females left, and are incapable of natural reproduction.